Names of human body parts and their influence on names of common objects in vietnamese versus english: a cognitive semantics perspective

Language and culture are closely related and language shapes

the worldview of its speakers. Language is a part of culture because

culture reflects what a society or a human community does or thinks.

All aspects of culture such as literature, art, music, belief, behaviors,

customs and so on are reflected in language. Therefore, language is

inseparable from culture, embodies the values and meanings of a

culture including culture artifacts and signals people’s cultural

identity. Besides, Kramsch [34] clarifies the relationship between

language and culture by emphasizing three functions of language

related to culture. Firstly, language expresses cultural reality because

the words that people utter refer to common experience as well as

reflect their author’s attitudes and belief, their point of view.

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Secondly, language embodies cultural reality because people create

experience through language. Thirdly, language symbolizes cultural

reality since it is a system of signs that is seen as having itself a

cultural value. Speakers identity themselves and others through their

use of language; they view their language as a symbol of their social

identity. Hence, it is of importance to realize the aspects of culture

that are reflected in the use of language as well as the factors of

culture that affect the language

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