Luận văn Some significant substitutive figures of speech in poetry

TABLE OF CONTENTSCertificate of originality . ii Acknowledgements . iii List of tables and figures . iv List of abbreviations . v Abstract . vi Table of contents .viiINTRODUCTION 1I. Rationale 1I.1. Figures of speech and linguistics 1I.2. Figurative competence and communicative competence 1I.3. Figurative competence and literary competence 2I.4. Substitutive figures of speech 3II. Scope of the study 3II. Aims of the study 4III. Methods of the study 5IV. Design of the study 5CHAPTER I 6SUBSTITUTIVE FIGURES OF SPEECH 6I. An overview of figures of speech 6I.1. What are figures of speech? 6I.2. Why are figures of speech employed? 7I.3. Classification of figures of speech 8II. Substitutive figures of speech 9CHAPTER II 10SOME SIGNIFICANT SUBSTITUTIVE FIGURES OF SPEECH IN POETRY 10I. Synecdoche 10I.1. Linguistic functions of synecdoche 10I.2. Synecdoche in poetry 12II. Metonymy 19II.1. Linguistic functions of metonymy 19II.2. Metonymy in poetry 22III. Conclusions 27CHAPTER III 30PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATIONS 30I. Possible teaching contexts of synecdoche and metonymy 30II. Pedagogical values of teaching synecdoche and metonymy 31III. Possible activities for teaching synecdoche and metonymy 33III.1. Making Connection 33III.1.1. Making Connection Activities for Synecdoche lessons 33III.1.2. Making Connection Activities for Metonymy lesson 36III.2. Teaching metonymy and synecdoche in everyday language 37III.2.1. Talking about metonymic and synecdochic vocabulary and phrases. 37III.2.2. Identifying, collecting and analyzing examples from everyday language 39III.2.3. Comparing idiomatic expressions in English and in Vietnamese 39III.3. Teaching synecdoche and metonymy using poetry 40III.3.1. Recording initial responses 42III.3.2. Identifying the “deviant” 43III.3.3. Paraphrasing texts using non-literary language 45III.3.4. Rating a trope on a cline 47CONCLUSION 49I. Summary 49II. Suggestions for further research 49REFERENCES 51APPENDIX: POEMS CITED IN THE PAPER 55

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Certificate of originality . ii

Acknowledgements . iii

List of tables and figures . iv

List of abbreviations . v

Abstract . vi

Table of contents .vii

INTRODUCTION 1

I. Rationale 1

I.1. Figures of speech and linguistics 1

I.2. Figurative competence and communicative competence 1

I.3. Figurative competence and literary competence 2

I.4. Substitutive figures of speech 3

II. Scope of the study 3

II. Aims of the study 4

III. Methods of the study 5

IV. Design of the study 5

CHAPTER I 6

SUBSTITUTIVE FIGURES OF SPEECH 6

I. An overview of figures of speech 6

I.1. What are figures of speech? 6

I.2. Why are figures of speech employed? 7

I.3. Classification of figures of speech 8

II. Substitutive figures of speech 9

CHAPTER II 10

SOME SIGNIFICANT SUBSTITUTIVE FIGURES OF SPEECH IN POETRY 10

I. Synecdoche 10

I.1. Linguistic functions of synecdoche 10

I.2. Synecdoche in poetry 12

II. Metonymy 19

II.1. Linguistic functions of metonymy 19

II.2. Metonymy in poetry 22

III. Conclusions 27

CHAPTER III 30

PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATIONS 30

I. Possible teaching contexts of synecdoche and metonymy 30

II. Pedagogical values of teaching synecdoche and metonymy 31

III. Possible activities for teaching synecdoche and metonymy 33

III.1. Making Connection 33

III.1.1. Making Connection Activities for Synecdoche lessons 33

III.1.2. Making Connection Activities for Metonymy lesson 36

III.2. Teaching metonymy and synecdoche in everyday language 37

III.2.1. Talking about metonymic and synecdochic vocabulary and phrases. 37

III.2.2. Identifying, collecting and analyzing examples from everyday language 39

III.2.3. Comparing idiomatic expressions in English and in Vietnamese 39

III.3. Teaching synecdoche and metonymy using poetry 40

III.3.1. Recording initial responses 42

III.3.2. Identifying the “deviant” 43

III.3.3. Paraphrasing texts using non-literary language 45

III.3.4. Rating a trope on a cline 47

CONCLUSION 49

I. Summary 49

II. Suggestions for further research 49

REFERENCES 51

APPENDIX: POEMS CITED IN THE PAPER 55

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